Trading the False Break Strategy Part 1
Key Talking Points:
- False Breaks Offer Great Price Action Trading Setups
- You Can Trade the False Break Strategy with Pin Bars and Engulfing Bars
- Look for False Break Setups Trading With the Trend
Ever tried to enter on a breakout setup, only to have the trade immediately reverse on you? I’m guessing this has happened to you many times (present trader included).
With the market volatility declining over the last several years, false breaks can and will happen all the time. The key to avoid getting stopped out, and actually profit from these false break setups, is to understand the price action context which often precedes them.
In this two part article series, I will begin today’s discussion by defining a false break. Next, I’ll go over a common false break setup, which is trading the false break with trend. Then I will go over a strategy to trade the false break, and conclude by recapping the key points.
What is A False Break?
I would prefer to define a false break as one of the following two scenarios:
- A break above/below a prior candle that fails to close above/below that candle
- A break above/below a key level, quickly reversing that level, and sparking a counter-trend move
In the chart above, you can see the arrow to the top left, showing a bullish move running into resistance. The pair then settles back, and makes a second attempt to take out this key level.
But on the top right, you can see it forms a pin bar + false break.
From an Order Flow Perspective
Looking at this from an order flow perspective, the bulls were in control leading up to the level, and were able to push past it. Either there was massive profit taking on their part, or they ran into heavy sellers a few layers deep behind the level.
Regardless, the sellers over-whelmed the buyers, and pushed the pair back below the key resistance level. After a second attempt to regain the level, the sellers realizing they had control, sold even more, pushing the pair down impulsively.
In most false breaks, there are ‘trapped traders‘, meaning traders who are caught long when the pair is about to go short, or vice versa. Those trapped traders once the trade goes negative, will likely be stopped out, & further fuel the counter-trend move.
The more savvy traders will exit manually when they realize they are trapped, while the slower traders will likely get hit for the full stop. There are price action clues to tell when you’ve been trapped, but that is for another article.
Trading The False Break Setup With Trend
It should not be surprising, one of the best false break setups occur when trading with the trend. This is because the underlying order flow is heavily imbalanced, meaning it’s heavily bullish or bearish.
When a false break setup forms counter-trend, it usually runs into buyers or sellers who are happy to take the pullback getting a better price. Their overall strength in the market makes it harder for counter-trend false breaks to be maintained.
This is why false breaks present such great trade opportunities.
In the chart above, starting with the top left, we can see the heavy impulsive selling. Eventually this leads to a bounce which hits the key resistance level 2x (marked by two red arrows). After forming a new low (red line at bottom), the pair bounces to retest the bears at the same resistance level.
Now note how the pair breaks above this level with a really large blue bar, closing at the highs. Ask yourself, if the bulls were really in control, how come they did not produce any follow through?
The next two doji candles showed no real strength or follow up buying, which should have been a warning sign to any bulls already long. Bears wanting to trade with trend, should have been looking for the false break and close below which they got on the 3rd candle.
Entry, Stop & Take Profit
With such a clearly defined trend and resistance level, there are two general entry techniques;
- Sell on Break back below the key level
- Wait for pullback setup to the key level
More aggressive traders who feel confident in their price action skills may sell on the break back below the key level. This may or may not offer the best price, but you may not get a second chance to enter if the sellers came in hard on the false break.
More conservative traders can wait for a pullback setup to the key level. If the false break is real along with the level, then the trade should hold and not go much into the negative.
I generally recommend placing the stop above the high (or below the low) of the false break by a few pips, depending upon the volatility and liquidity of the instrument.
The first target should be the other end of the consolidation. If you want to go for multiple targets, then the next key support or resistance level would be suggested.
In today’s article, I talked about the price action and order flow behind a false break setup, and why it can be a powerful trade opportunity. I discussed the two types of false breaks and how to generally define one.
Lastly, I covered why to look for with trend setups trading the false break, giving the entry, stop and take profit methods.
When you learn to read price action in real time, you will begin to spot these false break setups more easily. As you get skilled in identifying them, you will avoid the common traps, and profit heavily from them as they offer great opportunities.
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